To begin with, this is a serious medical condition that mainly affects older adults aged 65 and older. This illness normally causes partial or complete loss of eyesight. It's distinct from other eyes diseases since the loss of vision occurs primarily in the middle of the visual field.
This region is called the macula, which helps the retina in processing the finer elements of vision; it is precisely retinal damage that leads to blindness. When damaged, the skill to perceive fine elements and clear central vision are lost.
There are two types of this disease: dry and wet. Dry macular degeneration is caused by the build-up of debris between the region of the eye known as the choroid and the retina. In this type the retina becomes detached leading directly to the symptoms of blindness.
The wet form of macular degeneration is due to the excess accumulation of blood vessels growing behind the retina. This type can be treated with drugs or laser, reversing the development of the blood vessels that cause this variant of the illness.
Risk factors include a family history, old age and a specific gene that greatly increases the danger of acquiring the disease. Macular degeneration symptoms include blurred vision, distorted vision, inability to identify certain color variations, and lack of contrast sensitivity.
Central vision is lost making it difficult to read and recognize people. Nevertheless, the peripheral vision generally stays secure allowing one to manage day-to-day routine tasks. Most people who are in the early stages of the disease aren't likely to find major differences in their eyesight.
People suffering from macular degeneration symptoms, or the disease, often have small yellowish spots on their macula. It is still unknown whether these spots are merely cholesterol deposits or perhaps the effect of taking cholesterol-lowering medications.
Nutritional Supplements Effective at Treating Macular Degeneration
There are many powerful vitamins, minerals and other supplements that can help people treat macular degeneration symptoms or the illness. Two of the most popular are lutein and zeaxanthin.
An increasing amount of studies have proven that these antioxidants may play a part in reducing the progression and development of the disease. They are also found naturally in vegetables such as broccoli and Brussels sprouts.
Several studies have also shown that the Ginkgo Biloba may help maintain good eyesight in individuals with macular degeneration by stimulating better circulation in the body.
Researchers also found that bilberry extract helped to prevent the disease in addition to cataracts. The best vitamins and minerals for prevention of the ailment or macular degeneration symptoms are Vitamin C & E, beta-carotene, zinc and copper.
The good news is that the disease can be prevented. Above all, it is important to follow a diet that is very rich in antioxidants, get regular eye exams and exercise regularly.
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